WASHINGTON D. C.
INTERESTING PLACES IN THE U. S. A.
In the Black Hills of South Dakota four famous faces stare out of the face of a granite cliff. The faces of four American Presidents – George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson and Theodore Roosevelt are carved into he mountain. The sculptor Borglum began work in 1927. The Mount Rushmore Memorial took 14 years to complete. Borglum died shortly before it was done. His son finished the work. The granite sculptures can be seen from a distance of 96 km.
The Statue of Liberty
This famous statue stands in New York on the Liberty Island. It was designed as a woman who holds a burning torch up in her right hand, and in her left hand she has a book of law with the date 4th of July, 1776 (inscribed in it). She wears a copper crown. The statue was designed by the French sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi. The framework (supporting construction) was designed by the French engineer Alexander Eiffel who later built the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
The statue was given as a gift to the American people from the people of France to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the alliance of the Americans and the French in the War of Independence against England. In 1776 France helped the American colonies gain independence from England.
Americans designed and built the pedestal for the statue to stand on. The American people raised money to pay for the pedestal. On the base of the pedestal, it says “…I lift my lamp beside the golden door”.
The height of the statue itself is 46 m, together with the pedestal it’s 93 m tall. The pedestal stands on the star – shaped wall, which is the part of the fort.
The visitors can go inside the statue. There’s a museum inside the basement of the pedestal and 12 people can stand inside the torch.
The statue of liberty welcomes immigrants and visitor to this land.
The statue was first put up in Paris on July 4, 1884. Then it was disassembled and shipped to America. It was completed 2 years later, when the pedestal had been finished.
On October 28, 1886 it was assembled again and rededicated. It has been restored several times.
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