Travelling is an activity which everyone of us has to do, when we go to school, work, travelling for business or recreatonal reasons. Travelling is very important part of our lives.
In past centuries people used to travel for business and political reasons. Travelling used to be a privilege of higher social classes and gentry. People used to travel ain carriages and on horseback. Travelling in the Middle Ages was very dangerous because forests were full of bandits, so people got often robbed or even killed.
After the technological revolution travelling became faster, safer, more comfortable and affordable for a wider range of social classes. People could travel for fun.
Today people travel for various reasons: political, business or for recreational reasons.
When we are travelling we can choose from a variety of means of transport:
a) On foot: this is the most common way of travelling. Walking is enviroment-friendly, it costs nothing, but it’s the slowest and least comfortable way of travelling.
b) Cycling: this way of travelling is favourite because it’s inexpensive, enviroment-friendly and it also keeps us fit. It can only be useful when we travel at shorter distances.
c) by car: travelling by car is very favourite. It’s usually fast, comfortable and sometimes it’s inexpensive. But it’s also dangerous and it’s not enviroment-friendly.
d) by bus: travelling by bus is definitely more enviroment-friendly than travelling by car, but it can be more expensive. It’s not very comfortable and it is as dangerous as travelling by car. By bus can travel more people than by car.
e) by train: this way of travelling is usually very comfortable but it’s also quite expensive. It is the most enviroment-friendly way of mass transportation. It’s usually very safe and very fast. By train can travel many people too.
f) by air: airplanes are statistically the safest means of transport but an air accident guarantees casualties. This way of travelling is very comfortable and it’s extremly fast. It’s very good for longer distances.
g) by ship: in Czech Republic it’s not very usul.
When we are travelling we have to have somewhere to stay. We have many different types of accomodation: for example the chain hotels, motels, bed and breakfast (B & B), hostels for young travellers and many other. Some people sleep under the stars.