Canada is second largest country in the world. Canada is situated in Northern part of North America. Canada has ten provinces and two territories. The largest province is Quebec.
Canada is famous for its varied and beautiful countryside. Visitors of Canada usually want to see Niagara Falls that are between the Lake Ontario and the Lake Erie. Canada also has high mountain areas, such as the Rocky Mountains and the Mackenzie Mountains. The highest Canadian peak is Mt. Logan. The longest river is the Mackenzie. There are about thirty national parks in Canada, one of them is Jasper National Park in Alberta. The climate is mostly continental in Canada, with warm summers and cold winters.
The original inhabitants came to Canada about 16 000 to 25 000 years ago from Asia. Canada was „discovered“ twice, first by the Vikings more than a thousand years ago then by Europeans in the 15th century.
Canada became a British dominion in 1867. Now it is an independent federal state and a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations. The head of state is the Queen Elizabeth II. The official languages are English and French. Canada has its own national flag since 1964. It is red and in the centre there is a white square with a simple red maple leaf.
Canada´s economy is traditionally based on natural resources and agriculture. Canada is the world´s second largest exporter of wheat.
The capital of Canada is Ottawa. The biggest city is Toronto. Other large cities are Montreal, Vancouver, Edmonton, Hamilton, Quebec.
Montreal lies in Quebec and it is the second largest French speaking city. It is situated on an island n the middle of the St. Lawrence River. Montreal was chosen as the site of the Universal Exhibition (Expo 67) and the (21st) Summer Olympic Games took place there in 1976. It is a great industrial, commercial, and financial and tourist centre.
Toronto is the biggest city in Canada. It is the capital of the province of Ontario. It is situated on the bank of Lake Ontario. There is a very famous the City Hall in T.