The population of Australia was 16 milion. Nearly all are of British origin, there are only 40 000 aborigines called MAORIES. They live in the deserts and savana. Half of the Australia population live in or near the coast and most of them live in the south – west of the continent. The grasslands and the deserts are practiccaly uninhabited.
TOWNS OF CITIES:
There are only five big cities in Australian continent:
Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth, Brisbane. The capital of Australia is Cambera.
II.INDUSTY AND AGRICULTURE:
The principal mineral resoures are: IRON, ORE, COAL, BAUXITE-ALUMINA, LEAD, ZINC, NICKEL, ARAMINIUM, CRUDE, OIL, NATURAL GAS, GOLD, SILVER.
The main source of timbe is the eucapyptus free.
THE MAIN INDUSTRIES ARE: a. Mining
b. The food industry
c. Textili industy
d. Engineering, motorvehicles, chemical, aircrafte and armaments.
AGRICULTURE: is divided into the following branches:
1. Sheep raising
2. Cattle – raising
3. Grop production : Wheat, barley, oats, maize, sugar, fruit, vegetables
III.THE SYSTEM OF GOVERNMEMT:
The Commonweath of Australia is a federation of six states. There is a Federal Government for the whole of Australia, and each states has its own Government and Constitution. The Federal Parlaiment consists of two houses:
1. The Senate
2. The Houses of Representatives
The executive power is formaly vested in the Governor General, who represents the Crown. But actual head of the executive is the Australian Prime Minister. The official language is an Australian English.