The United States of America are one of the most developed and largest countries in the world. They are situated in North America. They border with Canada and Mexico. In the west there is the Pacific Ocean, in the east the Atlantic Ocean. The highest mountains are situated in the western part of the country. They are the Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevada with the highest peak Mt. Whitney. The longest river is the Mississippi River. In the eastern and southern parts of the USA there are the lowlands. In the north there is the Great Lakes area which consists of the Upper Lake, Lake Michigan, Lake Ontario, Lake Huron, and Lake Erie. In the south east there is Florida, a favourite holiday place for people from the entire USA. Temperatures change from arctic in northern Alaska to subtropical in Hawaii. There are many national parks in the USA, for example the Rocky Mountains National Park, Yellowstone National Park and the Grand Tetons. The biggest ZOO in the world is in San Diego.
The American Universities are best-known all over the world. Famous universities are Harvard University, Yale University, Michigan Institute of Technology (MIT) and the other. These universities have prestige in all states in world. But each state own school system.
The three largest cities are New York, Los Angeles, where we can find the famous film centre – Hollywood, and Chicago.
The capital of the USA is Washington D.C. In this city there are the most important buildings in the USA – the White House – the residence of the American president, the Capitol – the seat of the Congress, and the Pentagon – the building of the Ministry of Defence. We can also see many monuments there to commemorate the outstanding US presidents – the Washington Monument, the Lincoln Monument, or the Jefferson Memorial.
The USA consists of 50 states. The largest state is Alaska. The head of the USA is the President who is also the Prime Minister and the Commander in Chief of US military forces. The President, currently George W. Bush, is elected for a five-year period and can only be re-elected once.
Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492. The USA was formally established on July 4, 1776, so Americans celebrate the “Thanksgiving day”.
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