Literature and drama in English speaking contries
As the first thing we must determine what we in fact understand under the term „literature in English speaking countries“.
We must distinguish between the terms „literature in English speaking countries“ and literature written in English“.
The term „literature written in English“ includes also literatures of former British colonies, Carribean literature etc.
The term „literature in English speaking countries“ includes books written by authors, who live in English speaking countries. These include e.g. Pakistani and Chinese authors in Britain and Hispanic and Native American authors in the United States.
The English literature is very famous and authors are Charlotte and Emilly Brönte (Jane Eyre), George Byron Shaw (Pygmalion), George Orwell (1984, Animal Farm), Samuel Beckett (Waiting for Godot) and Francis Scott Fitzgerald (The Great Gatsby).
But the one of the greatest dramatist all over the world is William Shakespeare. His plays were translated into many languages. He was born in 16th century Stradford Upon Avon. He had one sister and one brother. When he was only eighteen he got married. His wife, Anne Hathaway, was eight years older than him. They had three children – two daughters and one son (Hamnet). Hamnet died when he was only eleven. William wasn’t a good husband and father. He left his family and went to London. He hadn’t education of university. In 1595 he wrote his first and the most famous play Romeo and Juliet. This play is about two families, who hate each other. But Romeo and Juliet love each other. But this play i tragedy, so Romeo and Juliet die. Shakespeare wrote other tragedies like Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth or King Lear. He wrote comedies too. For example The Merry Wives of Windsor or The Tempest. Shakespeare also wrote more than 150 sonnets. Shakespeare died in 1616.
At the beginning of 17th century was born another great figure of British literature and this figure was John Milton. His greatest work was the epic poem Paradise Lost.
After Shakespeare and Milton there was Daniel Defoe with his novel Robinson Crusoe.
This work is famous in many other countries.
Very famous were also Oscar Wilde and Charles Dickens. Oscar Wilde wrote very famous novel The Picture of Dorian Grey and play The Importance of Being Earnest.
Charles Dickens wrote for example Oliver Twist or David Copperfield. This book is about one boy and his unhappy childhood. He lost his parents, so he live with his aunt. In the end he is happy with girl, who he loves.
And in the end I would like to mention John Galsworthy, who wrote The Forsythe Saga, and of course Agatha Christie. She is a famous writer of detective stories and novels. She made her famous character Hercule Poirot. She wrote The Murder in the Orient Express or The Murder on the Nile.
American literature started to write its history much later than British literature.
Favourite authors are for example Mark Twain, Ernest Hemingway or Edgar Allan Poe.
At the beginning I would like to talk about Ernest Hemingway. He spent most of his life in Cuba and France. He worked as a journalist. He wrote For Whom The Bell Tolls, The Old Man And The Sea and very famous novel A Farewell To Arms.
For American Literature was the most important movement „Beat Generation“. The two main figures of this time are Jack Kerouack an Allen Ginsberg. Jack Kerouack was born in Massachusetts. Before WW II he worked as a reporter. After WW II he took a road trip from the East Coast to San Francisco, sometimes driving a car, sometimes hitchhiking. This trip is described in his famous novel On The Road. The book became a sort of Bible for the members of the Beat Generation.
The second spokesman of the Beat Generation was Allen Ginsberg. He was a close friend to Jack Kerouack. He wrote for example Kaddish or Planet News.
Very important author was an African American Martin Luther King Jr. with his famous liberating speech I Have A Dream.