Food, cooking, recipes
In our country daily meals usually start with break¬fast, which consists of something to drink – tea (with milk or with lemon) or cocoa, warm or hot milk, black coffee – and something to eat, e.g. one or two slices of bread and butter and cheese or eggs, ham, salami, jam etc.
Instead of bread we can eat rolls or we can have something sweet – cakes or doughnuts. Quite a lot of people eat cereal for their breakfast – either cornflakes or muesli – they also sometimes add various ingredients like yogurt, walnuts, hazelnuts etc. Breakfast usually takes place between 6 and 7 o’clock.
Around noon (but in our school sometimes at quarter to twelve) we have our lunch which is warm and consists of some soup, main dish, something to drink and salad or dessert. Most people go to a school, office or factory canteen but some prefer going to a restaurant or having a fast lunch in a buffet or a snack bar or buying something at street stalls.
Soups are either vegetable soups (potato, tomato, pea, bean, carrot, parsley, celery, mushrooms) or meat teas (beef tea, tripe, chicken, hen or goulash soup etc.) Some people cook fruit soups (e.g. strawberry soup).
The main dish can be either sweet – e.g. strawberry or plum dumplings, pancakes with jam and cream, baked yeast dumplings (Czech buchty), doughnuts etc. Or we can have some meat or fish with some vegetables such as potatoes, chips, rice, Czech dum¬plings, pasta or bread.
We distinguish between the following types of meat: beef, pork, veal , mutton , lamb and we can prepare it in various ways – roast it, grill it, boil it, bake it or stew it – we can mince or smoke some kinds of meat.
Lots of people in our country eat rabbits. The main fish cooked in our country is carp (it is a traditional Christmas meal – battered carp and potato salad) and trout .
While cooking we may add various spices so that the meal will have a unique flavour – e.g. garlic, sage , rosemary, thyme, marjoram, curry, pepper, gin¬ger , red pepper, mace , cinnamon , clove , cumin, bay leaf , allspice , ketchup, soya sauce, worchester, sugar, vinegar, mustard, peanuts, onions, flour, semolina , etc.
After the main dish we may drink tea, lemonade, cider , juice, Coca-Cola, mineral water, syrup and water, while the adults like beer and black coffee after their dinner.
An evening meal may be either warm or cold. Cold and quick supper may consist of some paste on bread or rolls, kippers or some spread. We can cook a ready-made dish from a tin or have soup or potato pancakes (Czech bramborák).
Typical Czech meals include: Tripe soup , potato soup, “kulajda“ soup (mushrooms and potatoes boiled in a little bit of sour cream soup), roasted goose and sauerkraut and Czech dumplings, roast sirloin beef in sour cream sauce and Czech dumplings, roast pork and sauerkraut and Czech dumplings, Moravian spar¬rows (roast fat pork offcuts) and dumplings, Spanish birds (rolled beef steaks filled with salami, pickle, egg and mustard), potato pancakes, fruit dumplings with cream, baked yeast dumplings, potato or ”hairy“ dum¬plings, fried cheese (smažený sýr) etc.
However, traditional Czech cuisine is a bit unhealthy and people can get fat. Many families prefer to cook more vegetable meals, they become vegetarians or try some kind of foreign (Chinese) food.
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Food and Meals, How to Keep Healthy
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